Prenatal exposure to alcohol is one of the leading preventable causes of birth defects, mental retardation, and neurodevelopmental disorders. In 1973, a cluster of birth defects resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure was recognized as a clinical entity called fetal alcohol syndrome. More recently, alcohol exposure in utero has been linked to a variety of other neurodevelopmental problems, and the terms alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder and alcohol-related birth defects have been proposed to identify infants so affected. This statement is an update of a previous statement by the American Academy of Pediatrics and reflects the current thinking about alcohol exposure in utero and the revised nosology.
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American Academy of Pediatrics| August 01 2000
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children With Disabilities
Pediatrics (2000) 106 (2): 358–361.
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Committee on Substance Abuse and Committee on Children With Disabilities; Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders. Pediatrics August 2000; 106 (2): 358–361. 10.1542/peds.106.2.358
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