To describe the association of cigar use with use of cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, and alcohol among adolescents; and to examine the association of self-esteem, physical activity, and use of tobacco promotional items with cigar use.
A cross-sectional study of 7104 girls and 5499 boys 10 to 15 years of age in 1997. Data were collected from self-report questionnaires.
The prevalence of cigar use increased with age among both girls and boys. Among 11-year-olds, only 1% of girls and 3% of boys had used a cigar, whereas among 15-year-olds, 11% of girls and 25% of boys had used a cigar. Cigar users were much more likely than nonusers to have experimented with cigarettes (girls, odds ratio [OR]: 23.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 17.2–32.3; boys, OR: 21.3; 95% CI: 17.1–26.6), smokeless tobacco (girls, OR: 7.5; 95% CI: 4.5–12.4; boys, OR: 13.0; 95% CI: 9.8–17.4), and alcohol (girls, OR: 6.6; 95% CI: 4.8–9.1; boys, OR: 6.8; 95% CI: 5.3–8.8). There was a strong association between cigar use and binge drinking, especially among boys (girls, OR: 11.6; 95% CI: 7.9–16.9; boys, OR: 34.8; 95% CI: 19.4–62.3). Cigar users reported more hours of weekly physical activity than did nonusers. Additionally, cigar users were more likely to report high social self-esteem and to possess a tobacco promotional item.
Adolescents who use cigars are more likely to use other tobacco products and alcohol, to report high social self-esteem, and to possess tobacco promotional items. Health care professionals and teachers should include cigar use in discussions with adolescents addressing substance use.