Children and adolescents with medical conditions present special issues with respect to participation in athletic activities. The pediatrician can play an important role in determining whether a child with a health condition should participate in certain sports by assessing the child's health status, suggesting appropriate equipment or modifications of sports to decrease the risk of injury, and educating the athlete and parents on the risks of injury as they relate to the child's condition. This statement updates a previous policy statement and provides information for pediatricians on sports participation for children and adolescents with medical conditions.

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