Background. Eating disorders in children and adolescents remain a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in children, adolescents, and young adults. The working knowledge of pathophysiology, recognition, and management of eating disorders continues to evolve as research in this field continues.

Objectives. This article builds on previous background and position papers outlining issues relevant to the care of the adolescent patient with an eating disorder.

Methods. The eating disorder special interest group from the Society for Adolescent Medicine recognized the need to update the state of the art published guidelines for the care of the adolescent patient with an eating disorder. This article was a multidisciplinary, group effort to summarize the current knowledge of best practice in the field.

Results. This article summarizes newer findings on pathogenesis and etiology, prevention and screening, risk factors, nutritional issues, care from the primary care clinician’s perspective, appropriate use of a multidisciplinary team, and issues of managed care and reimbursement.

Conclusions. Primary prevention combined with early recognition and treatment helps decrease morbidity and mortality in adolescents with eating disorders.

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