Decisions regarding the length of hospital stays for newborns and their mothers became driven by financial reimbursement from third-party payers in the 1990s. The Newborns' and Mothers' Health Protection Act of 1996 and a report from the Secretary's Advisory Committee on Infant Mortality acknowledge the importance of physician assessment in determining the timing of each newborn's discharge. The pediatrician's primary role is to ensure the health and well-being of the newborn in the context of the family. It is within this context that this revised statement addresses the short hospital stay (<48 hours after birth) for healthy term newborns.

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