THOSE concerned with the health of children have a rather special interest in the grant-in-aid programs of the Federal Government. Ever since the Sheppard-Towner Act became law in 1921, federal grants-in-aid for maternal and child health have been a prominent part of federal subsidy in the field of health. For the current fiscal year Congress voted an appropriation of $30,000,000 for grants to the States for maternal and child health services, crippled children's services and child welfare services. The Academy, since its origin, has had active interest in and many lively debates over the extent to which the Federal Government should participate in the support of child health services and the training of those rendering the services.

It is therefore appropriate to give particular attention to the view of Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby, Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, as stated in an address before the Pasadena Chamber of Commerce. The following is the text of this address:

"There was a time, not so many years ago, when government didn't matter too much to the ordinary citizen or businessman. The functions of government were distinctly limited. It is hard for us to realize that only one generation ago, just before World War I, within the memory of many who are sitting here, all levels of government—National, State, and local combined—spent only half as much as the present Interest On the national debt.

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