Infants weighing 501 to 1500 g are at high risk for mortality and for neonatal morbidities associated with both short- and long-term adverse consequences.

Mortality and major neonatal morbidity in survivors decreased for infants 501 to 1500 g between 2000 and 2009. However, in 2009, a high proportion of these infants still either died or survived after experiencing ≥1 major neonatal morbidity.

Neonatal follow-up programs are designed in part to identify developmental delays among high-risk infants after NICU hospitalization and make referrals to state-funded early intervention. Early intervention has been shown to benefit children with developmental delays.

Many high-risk infants demonstrating developmental delays at neonatal follow-up programs are not referred to early intervention. Subspecialty clinics share responsibility with the medical home in referring children from birth through three years with developmental problems to early intervention services.

Overweight and obese children have a higher prevalence of several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk...

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