For many years, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) focused its vaccination policy on persons at higher risk for influenza complications (eg, older adults, children and adults with certain high-risk conditions, pregnant women) and their contacts (eg, household contacts, health care personnel). Unfortunately, although vaccination coverage rates varied, they remained low for most adult and pediatric high-risk groups, other than persons aged ≥65 years.1 In conjunction with the recognition that influenza vaccination recommendations for high-risk target populations were not being optimally implemented, the adverse effects of influenza illness on all children was increasingly recognized. This led to the expansion of vaccination recommendations for children, beginning in 2002, when influenza vaccination was “encouraged” for children aged 6 through 23 months, and in 2004, when a full recommendation was issued for this age group.2,3 That recommendation was based...

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