There are a few longitudinal studies that suggest that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence is associated with later psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, and impaired work performance.

Adolescent ADHD is associated with a variety of internal and external stresses in adulthood. Consequently, it is essential to focus intervention efforts on adolescents with ADHD to prevent or alleviate adult difficulties in functioning.

Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption is associated with childhood obesity risk. Because dietary salt intake is a determinant of fluid consumption in adults, a high-salt diet may predict greater consumption of SSBs and therefore increase obesity risk.

In Australian children, the amount of salt consumed was positively associated with fluid consumption, and predicted the amount of SSB consumed. In addition, SSB consumption was associated with obesity risk, indicating a potential link between salt intake and childhood obesity.

The eating of non–nutrient dense snack foods is considered a major factor contributing...

You do not currently have access to this content.