Chylothorax, the accumulation of chyle in the pleural space, is a relatively rare cause of pleural effusion in children. It can cause significant respiratory morbidity, as well as lead to malnutrition and immunodeficiency. Thus, a chylothorax requires timely diagnosis and treatment. This review will first discuss the anatomy and physiology of the lymphatic system and discuss various causes that can lead to development of a chylothorax in infants and children. Then, methods of diagnosis and treatment will be reviewed. Finally, complications of chylothorax will be reviewed.
Chylothorax in Infants and Children
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: The author has indicated he has no financial relationships relevant to this article to disclose.
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James D. Tutor; Chylothorax in Infants and Children. Pediatrics April 2014; 133 (4): 722–733. 10.1542/peds.2013-2072
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