As simulation is increasingly used to study questions pertaining to pediatrics, it is important that investigators use rigorous methods to conduct their research. In this article, we discuss several important aspects of conducting simulation-based research in pediatrics. First, we describe, from a pediatric perspective, the 2 main types of simulation-based research: (1) studies that assess the efficacy of simulation as a training methodology and (2) studies where simulation is used as an investigative methodology. We provide a framework to help structure research questions for each type of research and describe illustrative examples of published research in pediatrics using these 2 frameworks. Second, we highlight the benefits of simulation-based research and how these apply to pediatrics. Third, we describe simulation-specific confounding variables that serve as threats to the internal validity of simulation studies and offer strategies to mitigate these confounders. Finally, we discuss the various types of outcome measures available for simulation research and offer a list of validated pediatric assessment tools that can be used in future simulation-based studies.
Designing and Conducting Simulation-Based Research
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: The authors are members of the INSPIRE network, which receives infrastructure support from the Laerdal Foundation for Acute Medicine, project funding from Rbaby Foundation, and funding for biannual meetings from the Society for Simulation in Healthcare and the International Pediatric Simulation Society.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Adam Cheng, Marc Auerbach, Elizabeth A. Hunt, Todd P. Chang, Martin Pusic, Vinay Nadkarni, David Kessler; Designing and Conducting Simulation-Based Research. Pediatrics June 2014; 133 (6): 1091–1101. 10.1542/peds.2013-3267
Download citation file: