US children continue to live in communities where failing schools are common, food desserts exacerbate obesity, and violence is endemic, giving rise to the expression that when it comes to health, your zip code dominates your genetic code. The health outcomes of US children and youth are troubling: our infant mortality rate ranks 56th among world countries, homicide is the leading cause of death for African American youth, and, despite a recent decline, our teen birth rate remains the highest in the developed world. Today nearly half of US children live in low-income families and 22% live under the poverty line. Although 4 of 5 physicians acknowledge a need to write prescriptions for their patient’s unmet social needs, they simultaneously lament their ability to do so. Addressing these “Millennial Morbidities” in training and in practice remains the context of community pediatrics.

The field of...

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