Transitioning patients from pediatric to adult care is an issue of increasing concern, especially when it involves children with chronic conditions that are congenital or complex. Care of these children often requires the special expertise of pediatric subspecialists in addition to ongoing primary care. Pediatric specialists and generalists anticipate that patients will age out of their care, yet many adult medicine practitioners do not feel comfortable assuming responsibility for young adults chronically ill with pediatric disorders. A growing array of strategies and interventions are being designed to facilitate this transition, yet they all may not be necessary. The conclusion that a transition to adult care is indicated is generally based on traditional age cutoffs rather than science. Although it would be a significant change, pediatric subspecialists could reframe their services as condition-specific rather than age-specific care and continue to provide care to their aging patients over the life course...

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