Reprint: The American Heart Association requests that this document be cited as follows: Perlman JM, Wyllie J, Kattwinkel J, Wyckoff MH, Aziz K, Guinsburg R, Kim HS, Liley HG, Mildenhall L, Simon WM, Szyld E, Tamura M, Velaphi S; on behalf of the Neonatal Resuscitation Chapter Collaborators. Part 7: neonatal resuscitation: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations. Circulation. 2015;132(suppl 1):S204–S241.

Reprinted with permission of the American Heart Association, Inc., European Resuscitation Council, and International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. This article has been published in Circulation and Resuscitation.

(Circulation. 2015;132[suppl 1]:S204–S241. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000276.)

The transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life that occurs at the time of birth requires timely anatomic and physiologic adjustments to achieve the conversion from placental gas exchange to pulmonary respiration. This transition is brought about by initiation of air breathing and cessation of the placental circulation. Air...

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