To investigate if supplementation with vitamin D3 would improve the time to a severe exacerbation in children at high risk with vitamin D insufficiency and taking low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) for persistent asthma.

The participants were recruited from 7 children’s hospitals across the United States. Participants, 6 to 16 years of age, had to have physician-diagnosed asthma for at least 1 year, being treated with low-dose ICSs, and have a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level less than 30 ng/mL. They also had to have at least 1 severe asthma exacerbation in the last year (defined as systemic steroids for at least 3 days or an emergency department visit or hospitalization requiring systemic corticosteroids). All participants had to show bronchodilator responsiveness or airway responsiveness to methacholine inhalation. The mean age of the participants was 9.8 years (40% girls). A total of 219 subjects passed screening and entered run-in. A total of...

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