In this issue of Pediatrics, Cresswell et al describe the mental health and cognitive functioning outcomes of the offspring of young mothers. The outcomes of adolescent parents and their children are important to pediatric providers because they represent a dual-generation approach to medicine. It is essential to provide concomitant care and support for both young parents and their offspring to facilitate successful outcomes for each individual. Predicting outcomes for children of young mothers is challenging given the many mediating and moderating factors that influence outcomes over time.

Regardless of the ability to predict outcomes for specific children, it is important to recognize that, compared with children of older mothers, children of young mothers are at risk for worse developmental and behavioral outcomes.2–6  The systematic review by Cresswell et al incorporates data from 48 studies and ∼375 000 offspring of young mothers to help us...

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