It is highly dangerous in science to talk about a cause, and our wish has been to emphasize only outstanding factors which we have observed operating in the etiology of the individual delinquent or psychopath, where the behavior is unconsciously initiated and fostered by the parents. In addition, I have described the conscious permissiveness by families and circumscribed cultural forces operating in limited areas to produce the sociologic group delinquencies. That there is overlapping, on occasion, of these two large categories seems undeniable.

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