A case of idiopathic hypercalcemia present from early infancy and diagnosed at 5 years of age is reported in which the serum assay of vitamin D indicated elevated levels. After discontinuation of supplemental vitamin D and a diet low in calcium the concentrations of calcium and vitamin D in the serum gradually returned to normal over a period of 18 months. Roentgenograms of the bones showed evidence of demineralization rather than increased density as reported in other cases of "idiopathic" hypercalcemia. During a subsequent 2-year follow-up the patient has maintained a normal serum calcium. The etiology is discussed with particular reference to the role of vitamin D in this case

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