Dr. Ribble: In this study was the umbilicus included in bathing of the "diaper area"?
Dr. Klein: Yes.
Dr. Ribble: Have epidemics of streptococcal disease occured in nurseries in which hexachlorophene bathing was being carried out?
Dr. Klein: Group B beta hemolytic streptococcal infections have been reported in nurseries where hexachlorophene bathing was being used.
Dr. Schaberg: We have had cultural evidence of the presence of Group A streptococcal infection in infants on hexachlorophene bathing, and another Boston hospital had a nursery epidemic of Group A streptococcal infection in 1967 while using hexachlorophene bathing.
Dr. Gezon: Mortimer also reported an epidemic occurring in a nursery where only the babies' faces were washed with hexachlorophene.
Leadbetter's data from Lackland Air Force Base showed that he was unable to stop an epidemic of staphylococcal infection with intensive hexachlorophene bathing, including washing the umbilicus three times a day with hexachlorophene. He was also unable to get a significant difference in colonization rates when half the infants were washed with hexachlorophene and half were not.
Dr. Gezon: Attention to the umbilicus is very important in controlling staphylococcal infection in the newborn. Jellard has shown this with triple dye, Gillespie with hexachlorophene powder, and Mortimer with antibiotic ointment applied to the umbilicus.