Low-income mother-infant pairs were randomly assigned to rooming-in (N = 143) or to routine (N = 158) postpartum contact to determine whether rooming-in affects subsequent adequacy in parenting. At mean age 17 months, two rooming-in and ten control children had experienced inadequate parenting. One rooming-in and eight control children were hospitalized for these problems. One rooming-in and five control families were reported to Protective Services for mistreatment of the study child; five control and no rooming-in children were in the care of adults other than their parents at the time of data analysis. In this study, rooming-in correlated with fewer subsequent cases of parenting inadequacy.

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