We studied 314 otherwise healthy children younger than 18 years of age with epicutaneous testing, and found that 20% of those tested had at least one positive epicutaneous test result. Neomycin, nickel, and potassium dichromate were the most prevalent allergens detected in our study group. We found that sensitization occurred at less than 5 years of age for all but fragrance allergens. Aluminum chambers and the American Academy of Dermatology Patch Test Kit were found to be safe for use in infants, children, and adolescents.
Prevalence of Positive Epicutaneous Tests Among Infants, Children, and Adolescents
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William L. Weston, Janet A. Weston, Jacki Kinoshita, Sharon Kloepfer, Lawrence Carreon, Sarah Toth, Debra Bullard, Katherine Harper, Sandra Martinez; Prevalence of Positive Epicutaneous Tests Among Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Pediatrics December 1986; 78 (6): 1070–1074. 10.1542/peds.78.6.1070
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