The injury experience of 5,128 boys (8 to 15 years of age, weight 22.5 to 67.5 kg [50 to 150 lb]) participating in youth football revealed an overall rate of significant injury of 5%, with 61% classified as moderate and 38.9% as major injuries. No catastrophic injuries occurred, and it was rare for a permanent disability to result from any injury. The upper extremity was most likely to be injured, and fractures were the most common injury to occur. The rate, site, and type of injuries experienced by the pre- and early adolescent players differed from the pattern for older players at higher levels of competition. Variables related to an increased risk of injury included participation in the older and heavier divisions, heavier weight, and involvement in contact activities. Factors associated with the occurrence of an injury were evaluated and provided areas for future study for the prevention of injuries. The medical care received by youth football participants was appropriate, although improved sideline surveillance for injured players is required.

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