Chest pain in children and adolescents, unlike in adults, is rarely of cardiac origin and its etiology is frequently unknown. In this age group, chest pain can limit normal activity and sports participation. The reported incidence of exercise-induced asthma in children with chest pain is less than 20%. For this study, 88 otherwise healthy children and adolescents with chest pain followed a treadmill protocol without a warm-up period designed to obtain a target heart rate of 180 or greater during the first several minutes of exercise. Patients maintained this workload for 6 to 8 minutes. Pulmonary function tests performed prior to exercise and at 2, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25 minutes revealed a decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 second or peak expiratory flow rate of ≥15% in 64 (72.7%) children. Inhaled albuterol resulted in subjective improvement in 97% (35/36) and objective improvement in 70% (25/36) of patients. In otherwise healthy children and adolescents with chest pain, the incidence of exercise-induced asthma seems greater than previously reported. Treatment with chodilators may help these patients lead a more active life-style.
Chest Pain in Otherwise Healthy Children and Adolescents Is Frequently Caused by Exercise-Induced Asthma
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Lynn Wiens, Jay Portnoy, Richard Sabath, Lesley Ewing, R. Gowdamarajan, Daniel Scagliotti; Chest Pain in Otherwise Healthy Children and Adolescents Is Frequently Caused by Exercise-Induced Asthma. Pediatrics September 1992; 90 (3): 350–353. 10.1542/peds.90.3.350
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