In 1934, the first year the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) began certifying pediatricians, the ABP certified its first African American pediatrician, Dr. Alonzo deGrate Smith. It was not without controversy, due to a series of policy barriers regarding board eligibility and membership in medical associations.1 1 Over 85 years and more than 131,000 pediatricians later, the ABP is committed to continuing to address systemic barriers to racial and ethnic equity. As part of this effort, the ABP began collecting, analyzing, and reporting on race and ethnicity data for pediatric trainees and certified pediatricians in 2018. This commentary provides an introduction to the ABP’s data collection efforts, its newly released data, and implications for the ABP and pediatric community.

Before 2018, the ABP had not systematically collected race and ethnicity of pediatricians. When deciding how to include question(s) regarding race and ethnicity, the ABP followed their Research Advisory Committee’s...

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