Geoffrey R. Simon, MD, FAAP, Chairperson

Cynthia Baker, MD, FAAP

Graham A. Barden, III, MD, FAAP

Oscar W. Brown, MD, FAAP

Amy Hardin, MD, FAAP

Herschel R. Lessin, MD, FAAP

Kelley Meade, MD, FAAP

Scot Moore, MD, FAAP

Chadwick T. Rodgers, MD, FAAP

Lawrence D. Hammer, MD, FAAP, Chairperson

Edward S. Curry, MD, FAAP*

James J. Laughlin, MD, FAAP

Elizabeth Sobczyk, MPH, MSW

Edward S. Curry, MD, FAAP*

Paula M. Duncan, MD, FAAP

Joseph F. Hagan, Jr, MD, FAAP

Alex R. Kemper, MD, MPH, MS, FAAP

Judith S. Shaw, EdD, MPH, RN, FAAP

Jack T. Swanson, MD, FAAP

Jane B. Bassewitz, MA


Dr Curry serves as the Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine liaison to Bright Futures and is a member of the Bright Futures Steering Committee.

This document is copyrighted and is property of the American Academy of Pediatrics and its Board of Directors. All authors have filed conflict of interest statements with the American Academy of Pediatrics. Any conflicts have been resolved through a process approved by the Board of Directors. The American Academy of Pediatrics has neither solicited nor accepted any commercial involvement in the development of the content of this publication.

The guidance in this statement does not indicate an exclusive course of treatment or serve as a standard of medical care. Variations, taking into account individual circumstances, may be appropriate.

All policy statements from the American Academy of Pediatrics automatically expire 5 years after publication unless reaffirmed, revised, or retired at or before that time.