After the article by Kane et al, titled “Opioid-Related Critical Care Resource Use in US Children’s Hospitals” was published in the April 2018 issue of Pediatrics (2018;141: e20173335; doi:10.1542/peds.2017-3335), several sentences in the introduction were found to be similar to text that appeared in a previously published manuscript. The report has been revised to eliminate duplicate text and to assure appropriate citations are made.
On page 2, column 1, paragraph 1 read: “The number of deaths in the United States that are attributable to opioid medications has doubled since 2000.1,2 Poisonings that are attributed to prescription drugs are now the leading cause of injury-related mortality in the United States.3,4 Despite a number of high-profile prevention strategies, poisonings from prescription medications continue to be a major cause of morbidity among children.5 Emergency department (ED) visits for opioid-related indications have risen substantially in both children and adults during the past 2 decades; ED visits for prescription-opioid overdose, abuse, and misuse now rival those of illicit drugs, including heroin and cocaine.6,7 Even in children <6 years old, opioids now account for the majority of drug poisonings.8”
This should have read: “The number of deaths in the United States that are attributable to opioid medications has doubled since 2000.1,2 Drug poisonings, and specifically prescription opioids, are resulting in the fastest increase in medication-related deaths in the United States.3,4 Despite a number of high-profile prevention strategies, poisonings from prescription medications continue to be a major cause of morbidity among children.5 Emergency department (ED) utilization has increased as a result of opioid-related poisonings in both adult and pediatric populations; prescription medications are the leading cause for young children, with opioids surpassing other pharmaceutical categories.6,7 Opioid exposures in children up to 6 years of age accounted for the highest number of pediatric patients affected, followed by teenagers.7,8”
On page 2, column 1, paragraph 2, the first sentence read: “The incidence of hospitalization for prescription-opioid poisonings among children and adolescents 1 to 19 years of age increased nearly twofold from 1997 to 2012, with the largest percentage increase occurring among the youngest children, aged 1 to 4 years.9”
This should have read: “A recent study of US hospital discharge records found that in pediatric patients under 19 years old, the incidence of prescription opioid-related hospitalization for ingestions and poisonings doubled between 1997 and 2012, with the largest percentage increase found in children under 5 years compared to older children and teenagers.9”
On page 4, in Table 2, column 1, lines 12–13 read: “Mechanical ventilator or those who required it, d”. This should have read: “Mechanical ventilator for those who required it, d”. The above corrections have been made to the online article.