This policy has been reaffirmed with reference and data updates. New or updated references or data points are indicated in bold typeface. No other changes have been made to the text or content of the policy.

The American Academy of Pediatrics would like to acknowledge Dr Yvonne A. Maldonado for these updates.

Orenstein WA; Committee on Infectious Diseases. Eradicating polio: how the world’s pediatricians can help stop this crippling illness forever. Pediatrics. 2015;135(1): 196–202.

This document is copyrighted and is property of the American Academy of Pediatrics and its Board of Directors. All authors have filed conflict of interest statements with the American Academy of Pediatrics. Any conflicts have been resolved through a process approved by the Board of Directors. The American Academy of Pediatrics has neither solicited nor accepted any commercial involvement in the development of the content of this publication.