This policy has been reaffirmed with reference and data updates. New or updated references or data points are indicated in bold typeface. No other changes have been made to the text or content of the policy.

The American Academy of Pediatrics acknowledges Dr William Steinbach for these updates.

Pickering LK, Marano N, Bocchini JA, Angulo FJ; AAP Committee on Infectious Diseases. Exposure to nontraditional pets at home and to animals in public settings: risks to children. Pediatrics. 2008;122(4): 876–886.

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