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Clinical Reports

Guidance for the clinician in rendering pediatric care.
Sarah Milburn, MD; Vinod K. Bhutani, MD; Andrea Weintraub, MD; Katherine Guttman, MD, MBE
COMMITTEE ON PRACTICE & AMBULATORY MEDICINE; Jesse M. Hackell, MD, FAAP; Yvette M. Almendarez, MD, FAAP; Patricia E. Cantrell, MD, FAAP; Carolyn Cleary, MD, FAAP; Elizabeth Hawse, MD, FAAP; Lisa M. Kafer, MD, FAAP; Seth D. Kaplan, MD, FAAP; Tomitra Latimer, MD, FAAP; Alisa Skatrud, MPA; Robert H. Wiskind, MD, FAAP; Mackenzie Magnus, MBA, MPH; Maureen Cooney, MPH; Patricia E. Cantrell, MD, FAAP; Alex R. Kemper, MD, MPH, MS, FAAP; Alisa Skatrud, MPA; Robin Warner, MD, FAAP; Lauren Barone, MPH; Maureen Cooney, MPH; Mackenzie Magnus, MBA, MPH
David J. Schonfeld, MD, FAAP; Thomas Demaria, PhD; Arwa Nasir, MBBS, MSc, MPH, FAAP; Sairam Kumar, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF CHILD AND FAMILY HEALTH; Arwa Nasir, MBBS, MSc, MPH, FAAP; Evelyn Berger-Jenkins, MD, FAAP; Tiffani Johnson, MD, FAAP; Paul Dworkin, MD, FAAP; Beth Ellen Davis, MD, MPH, FAAP; Natasha Sriraman, MD, MPH, FABM, FAAP; Abigail Schlesinger, MD; Terry Stancin, PhD, ABPP; Heather Fraser, LCSW; Kathleen Hobson Davis, LSW; Anne DeBattista, PhD, CPNP, PMHS; Zoë Warczak, MD, FAAP; Robyn R. Wheatley, MPH; COUNCIL ON CHILDREN AND DISASTERS; Steven E. Krug, MD, FAAP; Sarita Chung, MD, FAAP; Carl R. Baum, MD, MSc, FACMT, FAAP; Kevin Chatham-Stephens, MD, MPH, FAAP; Deanna L. Dahl-Grove, MD, FAAP; H. Dele Davies, MD, MS, MHCM, FAAP; Eric J. Dziuban, MD, DTM, CPH, FAAP; Natasha Gill, MD, MPH, FAAP; Shana Godfred-Cato, DO, FAAP; Stephanie E. Griese, MD, MPH, FAAP; Brent D. Kaziny, MD, MA, FAAP; Scott M. Needle, MD, FAAP; David J. Schonfeld, MD, FAAP; Joelle N. Simpson, MD, MPH, FAAP; Eileen Glasstetter, MS
Christoph U. Lehmann, MD; William G. Adams, MD; Juan D. Chaparro, MD, MS; Alexander G. Fiks, MD, MSCE; Randall W. Grout, MD, MS; Michael G. Leu, MD, MS, MHS; Eneida A. Mendonca, MD, PhD; Jeremy J. Michel, MD, MHS; Kymika Okechukwu, MPA; Jeremiah Salmon, MPH; Mona Sharifi, MD, MPH; Stephen M. Downs, MD, MS
Renee M. Turchi, MD, MPH, FAAP; Dennis Z. Kuo, MD, MHS, FAAP; John W. Rusher, MD, JD, FAAP; Rebecca R. Seltzer, MD, MHS, FAAP; Christoph U. Lehmann, MD, FAAP; Randall W. Grout, MD, MS, FAAP; COUNCIL ON CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES; Garey Noritz, MD, FAAP, FACP; Rishi Agrawal, MD, MPH, FAAP; Deanna Bell, MD, FAAP; Jessica E.A. Foster, MD, MPH, FAAP; Ellen Fremion, MD, FAAP, FACP; Sheryl Frierson, MD, MEd, FAAP; Michelle E. Melicosta, MD, MPH, MSc, FAAP; Barbara S. Saunders, DO, FAAP; Siddharth Srivastava, MD, FAAP; Jilda Vargus-Adams, MD, MSc, FAAP; Katharine E. Zuckerman, MD, MPH, FAAP; Jeffrey P. Brosco, MD, PhD, FAAP; Carol Weitzman, MD, FAAP; Matthew Sadof, MD, FAAP; Allysa Ware, PhD, MSW; Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp, MD, FAAP; Alexandra Kuznetsov; COMMITTEE ON MEDICAL LIABILITY AND RISK MANAGEMENT; James P. Scibilia, MD, FAAP; Ryan E. Alanzalon, MD, FAAP; Steven A. Bondi, JD, MD, FAAP; Craig H. Gosdin, MD, MSHA, FAAP; Kajal Khanna, MD, JD, FAAP; Jonathan Muraskas, MD, FAAP; Laura J. Sigman, MD, JD, FAAP; Preethi Srinivasakumar, MD, FAAP; Michelle Terry, MD, FAAP; Robert M. Turbow, MD, JD, FAAP; Richard L. Oken, MD, FAAP; Julie Kersten Ake
Lisa Abuogi, MD, MS, FAAP; Lawrence Noble, MD, FAAP; Christiana Smith, MD, MS, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON PEDIATRIC AND ADOLESCENT HIV; Natella Yurievna Rakhmanina, MD, PhD, FAAP; Lisa Abuogi, MD, MS, FAAP; Susan Gillespie, MD, PhD; Anne Neilan, MD, MPH, FAAP; Rosemary Olivero, MD, FAAP; Carina A. Rodriguez, MD, FAAP; Julia Rosebush, DO, FAAP; George Siberry, MD, MPH, FAAP; Steven Nesheim, MD; Bill G. Kapogiannis, MD, FIDSA; Athena P. Kourtis, MD, PhD, MPH, FAAP; Heather Stob; SECTION ON BREASTFEEDING; Lori Feldman-Winter, MD, MPH, FAAP, FABM; Maya Bunik, MD, MSPH, FAAP, FABM; Sahira Long, MD, IBCLC, FAAP, FABM; Monica Richter, MD, PhD, IBCLC, FAAP, FABM; Emily Hannon, MD, IBCLC, FAAP; Ann Kellams, MD, IBCLC, FAAP, FABM; Sharon Mass, MD, FACOG; Lawrence Noble, MD, FAAP, FABM; Rose St. Fleur, MD, FAAP, FABM, IBCLC; Lisa Stellwagen, MD, FAAP; Jennifer Thomas, MD, MPH, IBCLC, FAAP, FABM; Joan Younger Meek, MD, MS, RD, FAAP, FABM, IBCLC; Kera Beskin, MPH, MBA
Richard J. Chung, MD, FSAHM, FAAP; Janet B. Lee, MD, FAAP; Jesse M. Hackell, MD, FAAP; Elizabeth M. Alderman, MD, FSAHM, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE; Elizabeth M. Alderman, MD, FSAHM, FAAP; Elise D. Berlan, MD, MPH, FAAP; Richard J. Chung, MD, FSAHM, FAAP; Michael Colburn, MD, MEd, FAAP; Janet Lee, MD, FAAP; Maria Monge, MD, FAAP; Taraneh Shafii, MD, FAAP; Laura K. Grubb, MD, FAAP; Stephenie B. Wallace, MD, MSPH, FAAP; Anne-Marie Amies, MD; Liwei L. Hua, MD, PhD; Seema Menon, MD; Maria H. Rahmandar, MD, FAAP; Ellie Vyver, MD; Lauren Zapata, PhD, MSPH; Karen S. Smith; James Baumberger, MPP; COMMITTEE ON PRACTICE & AMBULATORY MEDICINE; Jesse Hackell, MD, FAAP; Yvette Marie Almendarez, MD, FAAP; Abeba Mebrahtu Berhane, MD, FAAP; Patricia E. Cantrell, MD, FAAP; Lisa Michele Kafer, MD, FAAP; Tomitra Latimer, MD, FAAP; Robin Warner, MD, FAAP; Robert H. Wiskind, MD, FAAP; Alisa Skatrud; Seth Kaplan, MD, FAAP; Abigail English, JD; Mackenzie Magnus; Elisha Ferguson
Michelle M. Hughes, PhD; Elise T. Pas, PhD; Maureen S. Durkin, PhD, DrPH; Leann S. DaWalt, PhD; Deborah A. Bilder, MD; Amanda V. Bakian, PhD; Esther Amoakohene, MPH; Kelly A. Shaw, PhD; Mary E. Patrick, MPH; Angelica Salinas, MS; Monica DiRienzo, MA; Maya Lopez, MD; Susan Williams, AAS; Dedria McArthur, MPH; Allison Hudson, BS; Christine M. Ladd-Acosta, PhD; Yvette D. Schwenk, MS; Thaer M. Baroud, MHSA; Ashley Robinson Williams, PhD; Anita Washington, MPH; Matthew J. Maenner, PhD
Leela Sarathy, MD; Joseph H. Chou, MD, PhD; Giuseppina Romano-Clarke, MD; Katherine A. Darci, MD; Paul H. Lerou, MD
Natalie D. Muth, MD, RDN, MPH, FAAP, FACSM; Christopher Bolling, MD, FAAP; Tamara Hannon, MD, MS, FAAP; Mona Sharifi, MD, MPH, FAAP; SECTION ON OBESITY; Sarah C. Armstrong, MD, FAAP; Sarah E. Barlow, MD, FAAP; Claudia Fox, MD, MPH, FAAP; Jennifer Ann Groos, MD, FAAP; Matthew Allen Haemer, MD, MPH, FAAP; Fatima Cody Stanford, MD, MPH, MBA, MPA, FAAP; Joani Lea Jack, MD, FAAP; Andrew Alan Bremer, MD, PhD; Kirk Reichard, MD, FAAP; Mala Thapar, MPH; Stephanie Womack, MA; COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION; Mark Richard Corkins, MD, FAAP; Cynthia Liudmilla Blanco, MD; George Joseph Fuchs, III, MD, FAAP; Ellen S. Rome, MD, MPH, FAAP; Praveen Sundaraj Goday, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; Amy Lynn Peterson, MD, MS, FAAP; Andrew Alan Bremer, MD, PhD; Cheryl Funanich; Andrea Lotze, MD; Heather Hamner, PhD, MS, MPH; Cria Perrine, PhD; Ana Sant’Anna, MD; Debra Burrowes, MHA; Pia Daniels, MPH, PMP; Madeline Curtis, JD; Tamar Haro
Sean T. O’Leary, MD, MPH, FAAP; Douglas J. Opel, MD, MPH; Jessica R. Cataldi, MD, FAAP; Jesse M. Hackell, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON INFECTIOUS DISEASES; Sean T. O’Leary, MD, MPH, FAAP; James D. Campbell, MD, MS, FAAP; Monica I. Ardura, DO, MSCS, FAAP; Ritu Banerjee, MD, PhD, FAAP; Kristina A. Bryant, MD, FAAP; Mary T. Caserta, MD, FAAP; Robert Frenck, Jr, MD, FAAP; Jeffrey S. Gerber, MD, PhD, FAAP; Chandy C. John, MD, MS, FAAP; Athena P. Kourtis, MD, PhD, MPH, FAAP; Angela Myers, MD, MPH, FAAP; Pia Pannaraj, MD, MPH, FAAP; Adam J. Ratner, MD, MPH, FAAP; Samir S. Shah, MD, MSCE, FAAP; David W. Kimberlin, MD, FAAP; Elizabeth D. Barnett, MD, FAAP; Ruth Lynfield, MD, FAAP; Mark H. Sawyer, MD, FAAP; Henry H. Bernstein, DO, MHCM, FAAP; Cristina Cardemil, MD, MPH, FAAP; Karen M. Farizo, MD; Lisa M. Kafer, MD, FAAP; David Kim, MD; Eduardo López Medina, MD, MSc; Denee Moore, MD, FAAFP; Lakshmi Panagiotakopoulos, MD, MPH; José R. Romero, MD, FAAP; Laura Sauvé, MD, MPH, FAAP, FRCPS; Jeffrey R. Starke, MD, FAAP; Jennifer Thompson, MD; Melinda Wharton, MD, MPH; Charles R. Woods, Jr, MD, MS, FAAP; Jennifer M. Frantz, MPH; Gillian Gibbs, MPH; COMMITTEE ON PRACTICE AND AMBULATORY MEDICINE; Jesse M. Hackell, MD, FAAP; Yvette Marie Almendarez, MD, FAAP; Abeba Mebrahtu Berhane, MD, FAAP; Patricia E. Cantrell, MD, FAAP; Lisa Michele Kafer, MD, FAAP; Tomitra Latimer, MD, FAAP; Robin Warner, MD, FAAP; Robert H. Wiskind, MD, FAAP; Katherine Schafer, DO, FAAP; Alisa Skatrud; Mackenzie A. Magnus, MBA, MPH; COMMITTEE ON BIOETHICS; Naomi Tricot Laventhal, MD, FAAP; Gina Marie Geis, MD, FAAP; Deborah Susan Loeff, MD, FAAP; Kelly Michelson, MD, MPH, FAAP; Mary Ott, MD, MA, FAAP; Nanette Elster, JD, MPH; Douglas S. Diekema, MD, MPH, FAAP; Kavita Arora, MD, MBE, MS; Maria McGee, MD, MPH; Anjie Emanuel, MPH
Joel S. Brenner, MD, MPH, FAAP; Andrew Watson, MD, MS, FAAP; COUNCIL ON SPORTS MEDICINE AND FITNESS; Margaret Alison Brooks, MD, FAAP; Rebecca L. Carl, MD, MS, FAAP; Susannah M. Briskin, MD, FAAP; Greg Canty, MD, MS, FAAP; Steven Cuff, MD, FAAP; Nicholas M. Edwards, MD, MPH, FAAP; Sarah Kinsella, MD, FAAP; Pamela J. Lang, MD, FAAP; Christina Lin Master, MD, FAAP; Shane Michael Miller, MD, FAAP; Andrew Peterson, MD, FAAP; Francisco Jose Silva, MD, FAAP; Paul Stricker, MD, FAAP; Kevin D. Walter, MD, FAAP; Avery Faigenbaum, EdD, FACSM, FNSCA; Alex Benjamin Diamond, DO, MPH, FAAP; Patrice C. Elder; Anjie Emanuel, MPH
Margarida Mascarenhas, MD, MMSc; Elisha M. Wachman, MD; Iyra Chandra, BS; Rachel Xue, BA; Leela Sarathy, MD; Davida M. Schiff, MD, MSc
Rebecca E. Rosenberg, MD, MPH, FAAP; David M. Pressel, MD, PhD, FAAP; David I. Rappaport, MD, FAAP; Joshua M. Abzug, MD, FAAP; SECTION ON HOSPITAL MEDICINE; Geeta Singhal, MD, MEd, FAAP; Rachel Marek, MD, FAAP; Jessica Allan, MD, FAAP; Zoey Goore, MD, MPH, FAAP; Laura Nell Hodo, MD, FAAP; Dimple Khona, MD, MBA, ABOIM, IFMCP, FAAP; Tony Tarchichi, MD, FAAP; H. Barrett Fromme, MD, MHPE, FAAP; Jorge Ganem, MD, FAAP; Eleanor Sharp, MD, FAAP; S. Niccole Alexander, MPP
Katherine Bailey, MSc; Julia Avolio, BHSc, MBDC; Lisha Lo, MPH; Amy Gajaria, MD; Sarah Mooney; Katelyn Greer; Heather Martens; Perrine Tami, MD; Jacklynn Pidduck, MSW; Jessie Cunningham, MI; Sarah Munce, PhD; Alene Toulany, MD, MSc
Liwei L. Hua, MD, PhD; Janet Lee, MD, FAAP; Maria H. Rahmandar, MD, FAAP; Eric J. Sigel, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE; COUNCIL ON INJURY, VIOLENCE, AND POISON PREVENTION
Steven A. Abrams, MD, FAAP; Jaclyn Lewis Albin, MD, FAAP; Philip J. Landrigan, MD, FAAP; COMMITTEE ON NUTRITION; Mark R. Corkins, MD, FAAP; Cynthia L. Blanco, MD, FAAP; George J. Fuchs, MD, FAAP; Praveen S. Godoy, MD, FAAP; Tamara S. Hannon, MD, FAAP; C. Wesley Lindsey, MD, FAAP; Ellen S. Rome, MD, MPH, FAAP; Andrew Bremer, MD, PhD, FAAP; Andrea Lots, MD, FAAP; Coria Perrine, PhD; Ana Sant’Anna, MD; Cheryl Funanich, MEd, RD, LD; Debra L. Burrowes, MHA; COUNCIL ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND CLIMATE CHANGE; Aparna Bole, MD, FAAP; Sophie J. Balk, MD, FAAP; Lori G. Byron, MD, FAAP; Gredia Maria Huerta-Montañez, MD, FAAP; Philip J. Landrigan, MD, FAAP; Steven M. Marcus, MD, FAAP; Abby L. Nerlinger, MD, FAAP; Lisa H. Patel, MD, FAAP; Rebecca Philipsborn, MD, FAAP; Alan D. Woolf, MD, MPH, FAAP; Lauren Zajac, MD, MHP, FAAP; Kimberly A. Gray, PhD; Jeanne Briskin; Nathaniel G. DeNicola, MD, MSc; Matt Karwowski, MD, MPH, FAAP; Mary H. Ward, PhD; Paul Spire
Tracey M. DaFonte, MD; Francesco Valitutti, MD, PhD; Victoria Kenyon, BA, MHA; Joseph J. Locascio, PhD; Monica Montuori, MD, PhD; Ruggiero Francavilla, MD, PhD; Tiziana Passaro, MD; Marco Crocco, MD, PhD; Lorenzo Norsa, MD, PhD; Pasqua Piemontese, MD; Mariella Baldassarre, MD, PhD; Alessio Fasano, MD; Maureen M. Leonard, MD, MMSc; CD-GEMM Study Group
Mark E. Halstead, MD, FAAP
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