Liquid forms of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) may be syrups or elixirs (in which the AED is in solution in water or alcohol, respectively) or suspensions. Suspensions consist of finely divided medication dispersed in an inactive carrier.

The following are common reasons for the use of liquid forms of AEDs: 1) ease of measurement of doses that do not correspond to available tablet or capsule form; 2) ease of administration to children or adults who are unable to swallow or chew capsule, tablet, or chewable tablet forms of the drug; and 3) for persons who must receive all enteral medications through nasogastric or gastrostomy tubes.

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