Much has been learned about blood pressure elevation in children and adolescents over the past 2 decades. The approach to the clinical evaluation of blood pressure elevation has been summarized by the First National Heart,Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children published in 1977, the Second NHLBI Task Force Report published in 1987, and the update of the Second Task Force Report published by a subgroup of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP).

It is clear that elevated blood pressure in childhood is an important clinical problem because of the tendency for blood pressure levels to track over time. This means that children and adolescents whose blood pressures are in the upper percentiles are more likely to become young adults who have elevated blood pressure. When factors other than blood pressure, such as diet,exercise, and the level of obesity, are taken into...

You do not currently have access to this content.