Preschool children are very special to pediatricians. We have the opportunity to observe the baby become a person with his or her own dynamic personality, complex abilities, and enlarging relationships. However,pediatricians generally only schedule annual visits with healthy preschool-aged patients to monitor health and development and to provide guidance to parents. Given the developmental richness of children from 2 to 5 years of age and the enormous transformations occurring from one birthday to the next, the best way for such health supervision visits to be of maximal use in monitoring development is if the parent, who knows the child intimately, provides relevant information. The pediatrician then can address parental concerns and elicit information likely to reveal the strengths and weaknesses that should be addressed. In this article, we will provide information about normal developmental milestones of pre-schoolers organized to facilitate developmental surveillance during health supervision visits.

The rationale for developmental...

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