After the Flood, “God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them,‘Be fruitful and multiply,and replenish the earth.’” (Genesis 9:1)Humankind, notwithstanding war,famine, and disease, has heeded this call with natural exuberance and global consequences that challenge the planet’s resources today.

Over the many centuries since God’s injunction, children have been born by natural means. However,among the estimated 40 million couples of childbearing age who live in the United States, 8.5% are involuntarily infertile. Obviously, many more infertile couples around the world can be added to this more than 3 million in the United States. For these couples, in vitro fertilization (IVF) offers new promise.

This promise is not without its critics. Social pressure, especially on women, is at the heart of much of the drive for biologic parenthood. Nevertheless, the fact that many infertile couples are willing to spend thousands of dollars and risk the physical and mental demands...

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