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Needlestick injuries, also called percutaneous injuries, are an occupational hazard for all health care workers. Aside from the injury itself, there is the risk of exposure to blood-borne infections, specifically hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The risk of contracting any illness depends on several factors, including the status of the source, the nature of the injury, the infectivity of the agent, and the effectiveness of postexposure management.

Injuries in which the source patient is...

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