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Today, American children and adolescents spend nearly half of their waking days exposed to an environmental influence that research has associated with increased risk of obesity, substance use, sexual risk behaviors, eating disorders, anxiety, sleep disturbances, and violent behaviors. Pediatricians were among the first to observe and respond to exposure to television, movies, and music, and now video games and the Internet, as risks to the physical, mental, and social health of children. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has been active in addressing the effects of media on the health and well-being of children since the late 1970s, when they resolved, in the 1977 Resolution Concerning the Effects of Television Violence on Children, to “actively oppose television programs emphasizing high degrees of violence and anti-social behavior which detrimentally affect the attitudes and social behavior of children” and made an...

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