Opioid Analgesics. Gutstein HB, Akil H. In: Bruton LL, Lazo JS, Parker KL, eds.
Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics.
11th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill;
2006
Opiates and Narcotics. Schwartz M. In: Haddad LM, Shannon MW, Winchester JF, eds.
Clinical Management of Poisoning and Drug Overdose.
3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB Saunders;
1998
:
505
–520
Opioids. Tintinalli JE, Kelen GD, et al. In:
Tintinalli’s Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide.
6th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill;
2006
Effective Medical Treatment of Opiate Addiction. National Consensus Developmental Panel on Effective Medical Treatment of Opiate Addiction.
JAMA.
1998
;
280
:
1936
–1943
Double-blind, Randomized Study of Nalmefene and Naloxone in Emergency Department Patients With Suspected Narcotic Overdose. Kaplan JL, Marx JA, Calabro JJ, et al.
Ann Emerg Med.
1999
;
34
:
42
–50

Opiates are drugs derived from opium, and opioids are synthetic narcotics...

You do not currently have access to this content.