The general pediatrician plays important roles even as neonatology becomes more specialized: first in the evaluation of the newborn infant and in the organization of resources for care; and second as a major influence in the education of the parents. Awareness of significant advances will allow appropriate counseling of parents and obstetricians. Inasmuch as perinatal centers can provide care for mothers and babies that other hospitals cannot, pediatricians must ensure that the regionalization network and transport mechanism are established so that life-saving advances are available for their patients. Then, the pediatrician and the obstetrician, as members of a team, can provide the best possible care to mother and infant.

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