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Delayed tooth emergence (DTE) is a clinical term used when exposure of a tooth or multiple teeth through the oral mucosa is overdue, according to population norms based on chronologic age. DTE is common in childhood and adolescence, yet it is often overlooked or dismissed in pediatric primary care. Timely screening and recognition of DTE by clinicians can minimize medical, developmental, functional, and esthetic problems resulting from untreated underlying local and systemic causes. This article provides clinicians with an overview of conditions responsible for DTE in children. Multidisciplinary care for patients who experience DTE in medical, dental, and surgical settings also is discussed.

Human teeth develop through a series of complex, reciprocal interactions between the oral epithelium and migrating cranial neural crest ectomesenchymal cells of the first branchial arch. This process is tightly regulated by more than 300 genes expressed temporospatially...

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