As health-care delivery systems become increasingly complex, ongoing quality improvement becomes increasingly important. Pediatricians must become familiar with tools that have been developed to facilitate quality improvement, including the model for improvement, Lean and Six Sigma methodology, root case analysis, and failure modes and effects analysis.
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This is the second in a series of articles reviewing the topics of patient safety and quality improvement in pediatrics. (1)
Quality improvement (QI) is an essential component of 21st century medicine. As health-care delivery systems become increasingly complex, ongoing QI becomes increasingly important. QI and patient safety are inseparable disciplines. Health-care organizations often use QI methodologies to create safer systems and implement safer practices. The pediatric provider needs to be familiar with basic QI principles, tools, and methods to improve clinical care, patient safety, efficiency, and the overall patient experience.