Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) affects up to 3% of children and adolescents, with nearly 75% of these experiencing comorbid diagnoses. Physicians need to familiarize themselves with the diagnostic criteria and basic screening tests, including the Pediatric Symptom Checklist and the Screen for Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders, as well as the principles of effective treatment, including Cognitive Behaviorial Therapy and pharmacologic agents.

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Joseph is an 11-year-old boy whose mother has brought him to the pediatrician for a concern about his hands. The skin is dry, cracked, and erythematous. Joseph is wearing gloves in the office and is unhappy about being there. He does not want to show his hands to the doctor. No other area of skin is affected. The condition has worsened gradually over several months. Joseph’s mother has noticed that he washes his hands often and consumes large quantities of hand...

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