Hearing loss is a common condition presenting in children. Speech and language outcomes for children with hearing loss are related to identification of the hearing loss and to the degree of hearing loss. Early identification and appropriate, prompt intervention yield better outcomes. An understanding of the relevant anatomy, common causes, testing strategies, and management of hearing loss can help the primary care physicians maximize communication development in children.

After reading this article, the reader will be able to:

Hearing loss is a common condition in children, with 1 in 1000 live births affected with severe to profound permanent hearing loss. The prevalence increases to 6 in 1000 when all degrees of hearing loss, mild to profound, are considered. As children age, the prevalence increases, and by age 18 years, 17 in 1000 individuals are affected by some degree of permanent hearing loss. This makes hearing loss more prevalent that diabetes...

You do not currently have access to this content.