On July 19, 1929, a few pediatricians gathered for dinner at the home of Dr James Rosenfeld in Portland, Oregon, to plan the creation of a new national pediatric society that “should include most of the practicing pediatricians of the nation as members, and be a unified group of practitioners and academicians to further the field of pediatrics and advance the medical care and social needs of children.” (1) So began the formation of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Two years later in Chicago, Illinois, Dr Isaac A. Abt, in his presidential address at the first national meeting of the AAP, stated, “It is our desire to build an association so that every qualified pediatrician could seek membership. It will be necessary for the Academy to interest itself in undergraduate and postgraduate instruction and to exert a regulatory influence over hospitals. As an organization we should assist and lead...

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