Managing the medical, developmental, and psychosocial needs of children and adolescents in the resettled refugee population is a complex task. Primary care clinicians who encounter these patients after their arrival to the United States must be familiar with their unique customs and common illnesses as well as the barriers to health-care access that these populations face.

The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees reported 10.4 million refugees worldwide at the beginning of 2013, 50% of whom were children. (1) These refugees are spread around the world, with 50% in Asia and approximately 28% in Africa. A total of 58,179 persons were admitted to the United States (U.S.) as refugees in 2012, 32% of whom were younger than 18 years of age. (1)

A refugee is defined as any person who is outside his or her country of origin and cannot return because of...

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