Most pediatricians appear to be familiar with candidal diaper dermatitis, but there is a lack of knowledge about other, less common fungal infections in children.

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Candidal diaper dermatitis is the most common fungal infection of childhood. This yeast infection almost always secondarily invades diaper-area skin that has been damaged by an irritant contact dermatitis from maceration, urine, and/or stool. Children in the preschool-age group who no longer wear diapers are more likely to develop tinea infections, particularly tinea capitis. Tinea refers to dermatophyte infections in the epidermis and areas high in keratin, such as the hair and nails. In prepubertal children, tinea capitis and tinea corporis are most common; in adolescence, tinea pedis (TP), tinea cruris, and tinea unguium (onychomycosis) are more common. (1) Yeast infections other than candidal diaper dermatitis, including pityriasis versicolor (PV) (formerly known as tinea...

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