The management of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has changed radically over the last few decades. This article provides an update on identification of JIA, complications of the condition, and common management strategies to help practitioners treat affected children in conjunction with other specialists as part of a multidisciplinary team.

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Arthritis is a common cause of disability in childhood. In children, the condition previously was known as juvenile chronic arthritis or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Currently, the preferred name for childhood arthritis is juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) because this term denotes the idiopathic or unknown cause of the condition. The exact incidence and prevalence of JIA is unknown and likely varies across the world. The estimated incidence and prevalence of JIA in the United States is approximately 14 per 100,000 children (95% confidence interval: 10–18) and 113 per 100,000 (95% confidence interval: 55–155),...

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