Clinicians should be able to describe the short- and long-term effects on the newborn of exposure to substance abuse in utero.

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The abuse of certain drugs or medications during pregnancy can have detrimental effects on the fetus and neonate. Previous research has shown that 5% of pregnant women use 1 or more addictive substances. (1)(2) Approximately 1 in 20 infants is exposed to illicit drugs. (3) Marijuana, cocaine, heroin, hallucinogens, and inhalants are examples of illicit drugs. (4) According to a 2010 survey conducted by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), 16% of pregnant women aged 15 to 17 years, 7.4% of pregnant women aged 18 to 25 years, and 1.9% of pregnant women aged 26 to 44 years abuse illicit substances. (5) From 2002 through 2010, the rate of...

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