Pediatricians should screen for and address poverty and poverty-related social determinants of health because they have clear negative effects on children’s health and well-being. This task requires coordination of services beyond the medical home. Pediatricians may also advocate at local and federal levels to further serve patients living in poverty.

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A 13-year-old girl has an appointment with her pediatrician for follow-up of her asthma. She had gone to the emergency department 3 times in the 10 days before the appointment for cough and difficulty breathing. Each time, she was given nebulizer treatments, improved, and was discharged home. She was also treated with oral corticosteroids and azithromycin. Her symptoms have persisted up to the day of the appointment. Her mother reports complete compliance with her inhaled medications, oral corticosteroids, and antibiotic. On further questioning, her mother reports that she, the patient, and...

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