After completing this article, readers should be able to:

Pediatric hip pathology can lead to devastating complications, such as hip instability, early arthritis, and growth abnormalities. Two of the most common pathologies in this age group include slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) and Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD). The importance of early diagnosis is paramount in both of these disorders, to allow for early treatment and attempt to limit the potentially morbid outcomes. Because many of these children will initially present to their pediatrician, recognition and early referral to an orthopedic specialist can drastically change their outcomes.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is the most common hip pathology affecting adolescents. (1) Although a common diagnosis, up to 20% of patients are delayed in diagnosis, with short- and long-term consequences. (2) Contradictory to its name, the pathologic process occurs when the femoral head (epiphysis) of the proximal femur displaces on...

You do not currently have access to this content.