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A 12-year-old obese football player finishes his second 2-hour practice on a hot August day. His temperature is 105°F (40.6°C), and he is agitated and confused. His family calls you, his general pediatrician, seeking guidance. What advice do you give?

A bystander discovers a 23-month-old infant in the back seat of a minivan on a warm day. She is flushed, fussy, and has vomited. The baby is brought to your community emergency department for further management. What are your next steps?

As the planet gets warmer, the incidence of heat-related illness (HRI) and injury is increasing. (1)(2)(3)(4)(5) Among those suffering HRI, children compose almost half (47.6%) of this population. (1) In the pediatric population, the most common forms of heat-related pathology occur in exercising adolescents and in children left...

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