Telemedicine has been defined as “the use of medical information exchanged from one site to another via electronic communications to improve a patient’s clinical health status.” The most common clinical application and the greatest potential of telemedicine lie in its ability to connect patients with providers in underserved areas with pediatric subspecialists, saving time and travel expenses for the patient while supporting community providers. Educational applications lie in the ability to connect academic with community practices, allowing bidirectional flow of information. Research applications include the ability to recruit patients and engage community providers as well as study an intervention’s usefulness in the community. Subsequently, telemedicine can be used to disseminate research findings. A growing area for telemedicine is commercially available direct access for patients, but this application will need modification. Barriers to wider adoption do exist, including technical issues, which are typically less significant, time demands and reluctance by providers,...

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